Online this week in Ecology Letters: In MASTIF, the discovery of a 250-fold increase in seed abundance from cold-dry to warm-wet climates, driven primarily by a 100-fold increase in seed production for a given tree size. This 100-fold gradient in seeds per tree size is amplified to a 250-fold gradient by the predominance of larger trees in the wet tropics. The modest (threefold) increase in net primary production (NPP) across the same climate gradient cannot explain the magnitudes of these trends. The increase in seeds per tree can arise from adaptive evolution driven by intense species interactions or from the direct effects of a warm, moist climate on tree fecundity. Either way, the massive differences in seed supply ramify through food webs potentially explaining a disproportionate role for species interactions in the wet tropics.