Animals are housed in the main Vivarium, or one of several satellite facilities in the buildings of participating departments. The Division of Animal Laboratory Resources manages all facilities. All facilities are AALAC-approved and all research conducted meets the specifications listed in the Guide to Animal Research. Facilities are inspected annually, and all laboratories involved in animal research are inspected annually by the Duke Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Animals are housed in the main Vivarium facility with 57 animal rooms (13,335 sq. ft. animal space), surgery, necropsy, radiography, diagnostic lab, treatment, diet kitchen, procedure labs, barrier, quarantine and containment facilties. The facility contains conventional animal housing, a veterinary treatment room, a rodent barrier, a containment suite, quarantine, animal cubicles, animal receiving, shared procedure rooms and storage areas. Primates, dogs, small pigs, chickens and all exotic species are housed in this facility. The rodent barrier is used to isolate SPF mice and rats from potentially disease bearing conventional mice and rats. The adjacent Surgical Research Pavilion has 4 OR’s, sterile processing, 2 surgical prep rooms, 1 animal prep, offices and storage. In addition, there are satellite facilities in the Medical Center maintained by the same personnel in the Bryan Neurobiology Building (1,974 sq. ft. of housing for rodents and other small species), the Nanaline Duke Building (719 sq. ft. for rodents and rabbits), the Alexander Sands Building (536 sq. ft of space for rodents), Clinical Research II (853 sq. ft of space for rodents, rabbits and dogs), Duke Eye Center (277 sq. ft. of housing for small pigs and animal surgery), Levine Science Research Center (1,952 sq. ft. for rodents and 508 sq. ft. for fish tanks), Bell Building (376 sq. ft. for rodents), Medical Science Research Building (1,270 sq. ft.), and Genome Sciences Research Building II (9,824 sq. ft. of barrier space for rodents and pigeons).
The libraries of Duke University consist of the William R. Perkins Library and its seven branches on campus: Biological and Environmental Sciences, Chemistry, Lilly, Engineering, Music, Mathematics-Physics, Special Collections; the Pearse Memorial Library at the Duke Marine Laboratory in Beaufort; and the independently administered libraries of Divinity, Law, Medicine, and Business (Ford Library). As of June 2009, these libraries contained over 5,234,000 volumes and received some 37,000 serials. An extensive collection of nearly 18,000 online journals is available to researchers across campus through Medline, PubMed and other electronic resources. The significant holdings of Duke University are further augmented by the libraries of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University through the Triangle Research Library Network (TRLN), which provides online access to catalogued collections and rapid volume and article delivery services.
In addition to its traditional library system, Duke’s maintains the Center for Instructional Technology and three instructional technology labs across the campus which are open to all faculty, students and staff. To supplement TA training offered by departments and programs, CIT and the Graduate School offer a number of courses, programs, and workshops to improve the teaching skills of graduate students at Duke. The Center has offered start-up funding for such projects as Neuroscience Methods in 3D, The iPad in Medical Education and Clinical Care, and The iPad as a tool for Global Health fieldwork research.
In recent years Duke has shifted from a model in which core facility resources were directed by a senior investigator and staffed by specialists from their laboratory to a model where dedicated Directors run the facilities. This shift has in many cases improved access to the facility because the new Directors get personally involved in training new users or consulting on various projects, devoting more time to the service aspect of the facility as there are no competing demands on their time from running their own labs. In addition, considerable new institutional funds have been allocated to develop some of the facilities and buy new equipment. A listing of the facilities most relevant to our students (along with relevant web sites) is provided below:
Light Microscopy: http://microscopy.duke.edu/
Flow Cytometry: http://www.cancer.duke.edu/modules/Flow22/index.php?id=1
Cell Culture: http://www.cancer.duke.edu/ccf/
Transgenic mice: http://www.cancer.duke.edu/tmf/
DNA Sequencing: http://www.genome.duke.edu/cores/sequencing/
Electron microscopy: http://pathology.mc.duke.edu/website/WebForm.aspx?id=ElectronMicroMain
NMR Spectroscopy and X-ray Crystallography: http://www.cancer.duke.edu/modules/Spectroscopy28/index.php?id=1
Other Interdisciplinary Research Efforts
Duke University sponsors a large number of interdisciplinary research efforts that span traditional departments. These include the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center (DCCC), founded in 1972; the Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy (IGSP), founded in 1999; and the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences (DIBS), founded in 2007. These three (as well as several smaller Centers) partner with the traditional Departments to hire new faculty and create focus groups with shared interests. Many of the core facilities discussed above were established by these Centers and Institutes, and faculty from different Departments are brought together in the new multidisciplinary buildings discussed above. Thus, although promotions and tenure remain Department-centered, the research environment at Duke has become much more fluid and the barriers between traditional disciplines are almost nonexistent. This creates an ideal environment for interdisciplinary studies in Environmental Health.
Research at Neighboring Institutions:
Training in Environmental Health at Duke is greatly enhanced by the extensive scientific community in the Research Triangle area. Active collaborations exist between scientists at Duke and other area Universities (e.g. UNC-Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University), as well as other scientific institutions in the area (e.g., NIEHS, EPA, Glaxo-Smith Kline Pharmaceuticals). In addition, seminar series and conferences hosted by these other institutions are frequently attended by Duke faculty and students.
Career & Professional Development:
Professional development should be at the forefront of students’ minds at every stage of their graduate careers. We strongly encourage students to participate in training opportunities that complement their research, augment their skills, and help them identify careers in which they will thrive.
To help our graduate students achieve their career goals, the Graduate School offers or sponsors numerous courses, programs, awards, certificate programs and professional development services. These include opportunities in Teaching & Technology, the Preparing Future Faculty program, certificate in teaching options, and Teaching Mini-grants or teaching awards. The English for International Students program in the Graduate School provides ongoing support to our large international student population. In addition, the Graduate School works closely with many other units at Duke and beyond to provide these resources, including the Career Center, Center for Instructional Technology, Office of Postdoctoral Services, other schools at Duke, and many graduate student groups and organizations.