Lots of good stuff at the TOS/ALSO/AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting in New Orleans this year! ZIJ presented in the “Linking ‘Omics Insights to Marine Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemical Functioning” session with the following abstract:
The effect of temperature on carbon uptake and its fate in diverse strains of Prochlorococcus
The ecological success of the marine cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus is driven in part by its genomic diversity and the concentrations of the two dominant high light clades in the ocean have been shown to niche partition along latitudinal temperature gradients. Nevertheless, little is known about how temperature affects carbon uptake and its fate for these genetically distinct, yet closely related cyanobacteria. Here we present results from a series of steady state and temperature shift experiments. We show that as expected, temperature has a profound effect on carbon uptake and growth rate, but is different among the major clades of Prochlorococcus. However, the temperature response curves of carbon uptake and growth rate are uncoupled. Further, there are substantial differences among the clades in how temperature affects the partitioning of this carbon to particulate (i.e. retained) or dissolved (i.e. dissolved organic carbon release) fates. Physiology data from temperature shift experiments show even more dramatic uncoupling of carbon uptake/fate growth rate (biomass accumulation or division) and regulation often with unexpected patterns. These results highlight the importance of temperature in poising the fundamental processes of Prochlorococcus photosynthesis and growth, and that the physiological and regulatory responses are different between the major genetic clades. These results also demonstrate that climate change, via increasing temperature, may significantly alter the distribution, biogeochemical rates and role of Prochlorococcus and its clades in broader marine microbial communities through changes in cell division and carbon fate.