50. Gill, D.A., M. B. Mascia, G.N. Ahmadia, L. Flew, S.E. Lester, M. Barnes, I. Craig, E. Darling, C.M. Free, J. Geldmann, S. Holst, O. P. Jensen. A.T. White, X. Basurto, L. Coda, R.D. Gates, G. Guannel, P. J. Mumby, H. Thomas, S. Whitmee, S. Woodley, H.E. Fox. 2017. Capacity Shortfalls Hinder the Performance of Marine Protected Areas Globally. Nature. In press.

49. Lindkvist, Emilie, Xavier Basurto, Maja Schlüter. 2017. Micro-level Explanations for Emergent Patterns of Self-Governance Arrangements in Small-scale Fisheries–A Modeling Approach. PlosOne. In press.



48. Nenadovic, Mateja., Xavier Basurto, Amy Hudson Weaver. 2016. Contribution of Subsidies and Participatory Governance to Fishers’ Adaptive Capacity. The Journal of Environment Development 25(4) 426-454 DOI: 10.1177/1070496516670448. [PDF]

47. Breslow, Sara, Sojka, B., Barnea, R., Xavier Basurto, Carothers, C., Charnley, S., Coulthard, S., Dolsak, N., Donatuto, J., Garcia-Quijano, C., Hicks, C.C., Levine, A., Mascia, M., Norma, K., Poe, Melissa., Satterfield, T., St. Martin, K., Levin, P.S. Conceptualizing and Operationalizing Human Well-Being for Ecosystem Assessment and Management. Environmental Science and Policy. (66):250-259.

46. Hicks, Christina, Arielle Levine, Arun Agrawal, Xavier Basurto, Sara Breslow, Courtney Carothers, Susan Charnley, Sarah Coulthard, Nives Dolsak, Jamie Donatuto, Carlos Garcia-Quijano, Michael Mascia, Karma Norman, Melissa Poe, Terre Satterfield, Kevin St. Martin, Phillip S. Levin. Engage Key Social Concepts for Sustainability. Science 352(6281):38-40. DOI:10.1126/science.aad4977 [PDF] [link]

45. Nenadovic, M., and G. Epstein. 2016. The Relationship of Social Capital and Fishers’ Participation in multi-level governance arrangements. Environmental Science and Policy 61:77-86, [PDF] [link]

44. Basurto, Xavier, Esther Blanco, Mateja Nenadovic, Björn Vollan. 2016. Integrating Simultaneous Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior into Theories of Collective Action. Science Advances. March 4, 2016. [PDF] [link]

43. Lisa Campbell, Noella Gray, Luke Fairbanks, Rebecca Gruby, Brad Dubik and Xavier Basurto. 2016. Global Oceans Governance: New and Emerging Issues. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. 41. November 2016. [PDF] [link]

42. López-Calderon, Jorge Manuel, Rafael Riosmena, Jorge Torre, Alf Meling, and Xavier Basurto. 2016. Zostera marina meadows from the Gulf of California: Conservation Status. Biodiversity and Conservation. DOI 10.1007/s10531-016-1045-6 [PDF] [link]

41. Bolton, Alexis, Bradford Dubik, Joshua S. Stoll and Xavier Basurto. 2016. Examining the Diversity of Community Supported Fishery Programs in North America. Marine Policy. 66:21-29 DOI: 10.1010/j.marpol.2016.01.007 [PDF] [link]

40. Crona, Beatrice I., Xavier Basurto, Dale Squires, Stefan Gelcich, Tim M. Daw, Ahmed Khan, Elizabeth Havice, Victoria Chomo, Max Troell, Eny Buchary, Edward H. Allison. 2016. Towards a typology of interactions between small-scale fisheries and the global seafood trade. Marine Policy. 65:1-10. [PDF] [link]

39. Carter, David, Saba Siddiki, Chris Weible, Xavier Basurto, 2016 Integrated Institutional Analysis of Policy Designs: The Case of U.S. National Organic Program. Journal of Theoretical Politics. 1-27. DOI:10.1177/0951629815603494. [PDF] [link]



38. Leslie, Heather., Basurto, X., Nenadovic, M., Sievanen, L., Cavanaugh, K.C., Cota-Nieto, J.J., Irishman, B.E., Finkbeiner, E., Hinojosa-Arango, G., Moreno-Baez, M., Nagavarapu, S., Reddy, S., Sánchez-Rodriguez, A., Siegel, K., Ulibarria-Valenzuela, J.J., Weaver, A.H., Aburto-Oropeza, O. 2015. Operationalizing the Social-Ecological Systems Framework to Assess Sustainability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). 112(19): 5979-5984. [PDF] [link]

37. Finkbeiner, Elena, and Xavier Basurto. 2015. Re-defining Co-management to Facilitate Small-Scale Fisheries Reform: An Illustration from Northwest Mexico. Marine Policy. 51:433-441. [PDF] [link]

36. Graeme S. Cumming, C.R. Allen, N. Ban, D. Biggs, H. Biggs, D.H.M. Cumming, A. de Vos, G. Epstein, M. Etienne, K. Maciejewski, R. Mathevet, C. Moore, M. Nenadovic, and M. Schoon. 2015. Understanding Protected Area Resilience: A Multi-scale, Social-Ecological Approach. Ecological Applications 25: 299-319. [PDF] [link]



35. Louisa Evans, N. Ban, M. Schoon, and M. Nenadovic. 2014. Keeping the ‘Great’ in the Great Barrier Reef: Large-scale governance of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. International Journal of the Commons. 8:396-427. [PDF] [link]

34. Graham Epstein, M. Nenadovic, and A. Boustany. 2014. Into the deep blue sea: Commons theory and international governance of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna. International Journal of the Commons 8:396-427. [PDF] [link]

33. Heather Heenehan, Xavier Basurto, Lars Bejder, Julian Tyne and Dave Johnson. 2014. Using Ostrom’s Common Pool Resource Theory to Build Towards an Integrated Ecosystem Based Sustainable Cetacean Tourism System in Hawai’i. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 23(4):536-556.  DOI:10.1080/09669582.2014.986490. [PDF] [link]



32. Duer-Balkind, Marshall, Kasey R. Jacobs, Burak Güneralp, Xavier Basurto. 2013. Resilience, Social-Ecological Rules, and Environmental Variability in a Two-Species Artisanal Fishery. Ecology and Society. 18(4): 50. [ES-05751-180450] [PDF]

31. Basurto, Xavier, Abigail Bennett, Amy Hudson Weaver, Salvador Rodriguez-Van Dyck, Juan-Salvador Aceves-Bueno. 2013. Cooperative and Non-Cooperative Strategies for Small-Scale Fisheries Self-Governance in the Globalization Era: Implications for Conservation. Ecology and Society. 18(4):38 [PDF]

30. Cinner, Josh, Aaron McNeal, Xavier Basurto, Stefan Gelcich. 2013. Looking Beyond the Fisheries Crisis. Cumulative Learning through Diagnostic Approaches. Global Environmental Change. 23(6):1359-1365. [PDF]

29. Basurto, Xavier, Stefan Gelcich and Elinor Ostrom 2013. The Social-Ecological System Framework as a Knowledge Classificatory System for Benthic Small-Scale Fisheries. Global Environmental Change. 23(6):1366-1380. [PDF]

28. Gruby, Rebecca and Xavier Basurto. 2013. Multi-level Governance for Large Commons: Politics and Policentricity in Palau’s Protected Area Network. Environmental Science and Policy. Online first. [PDF]

27. Russell, Rolly, Ann Guerry, Patricia Balvanera, Rachelle Gould, Xavier Basurto, Kai Chan, Sarah Klain, Jordan Levine, Jordan Tan. 2013. Humans and Nature: the Intangible Connections. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. Vol 38:473-502 [PDF]

26. Kittinger, John N; Elena M. Finkbeiner; Natalie C. Ban; Kenneth Broad, Mark H. Carr; Joshua E. Cinner; Stefan Gelcich; Myriah L. Cornwell; J. Zachary Koehn; Xavier Basurto, Rod Fujita, Margaret R. Caldwell; Larry B. Crowder. 2013. Emerging Frontiers in Social-Ecological Systems Research for Sustainability of Small-Scale Fisheries. Journal: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 5:352-357 [PDF] [link].

25. Basurto, Xavier. 2013. Bureaucratic Barriers Limit Participatory Governance in Protected Areas in Costa Rica. Conservation and Society. 11(1): 16-28.  [PDF]

24. Basurto, Xavier and Ignacio Jimenez. 2013. Institutional Arrangements for Adaptive Governance of Biodiversity Conservation: The Experience of the Area de Conservacion Guanacaste in Costa Rica. Journal of Latin American Geography. 12(1): 111-134 [PDF]

23. Basurto, Xavier. 2013. Linking Multi-level Governance to Local Common-pool Resource Theory using Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis: Insights from twenty years of biodiversity conservation in Costa Rica. Global Environmental Change. 23(3): 573-587. [link] [PDF]

22. Satz, Debra, Kai M. A. Chan, Anne Guerry, Benjamin S. Halpern, Terre Satterfield, Jordan Levine, Rachelle K. Gould, Bryan Norton, Ulalia Woodside, Neil Hannahs, Xavier Basurto, Sarah Klain. 2013. The Challenges of Incorporating Cultural Ecosystem Services into Environmental Decision-making. AMBIO. DOI 10.1007/s13280-013-0386-6 [PDF]



21. Basurto, Xavier and Johanna Speer. 2012. Structuring the Calibration of Qualitative Data as Sets for Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), Field Methods, vol. 24 no. 2, pp. 155-174. DOI 10.1177/1525822X11433998 [PDF]

20. Basurto, Xavier and Mateja Nenadovic. 2012. A Systematic Approach to Study Fisheries Governance, Global Policy Journal. 3(2): 222-230 [PDF]

19. Basurto, Xavier, Ana Cinti, Luis Bourillon, Mario Rojo, Jorge Torre y Amy Hudson Weaver. 2012. The Emergence of Access Controls in Small-Scale Fisheries: A Comparative Analysis of Fishing Permits and Marine Tenure from Mexico, Human Ecology. 40(2):597-609 [PDF]

18. Saba Siddiki, Basurto, X., Chris Weible, Using the Institutional Grammar Tool to Understand Regulatory Compliance: The Case of Colorado Aquaculture, Regulation and Governance. 6(2):167-188 [PDF]

17. Cinner, J., Xavier Basurto, Pedro Fidelman, John Kuange, Rachael Lahari, Ahmad Mukminin. 2012. Institutional Designs of Customary Fisheries Management Arrangements in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Mexico, Marine Policy, vol. 36 no. 1, pp. 278-285 [PDF].

16. Fox, Helen E., Mascia, M. B., Basurto, X., Costa, A., Glew, L., Heinemann, D., Karrer, L. B., Lester, S. E., Lombana, A. V., Pomeroy, R. S., Recchia, C. A., Roberts, C. M., Sanchirico, J. N., Pet-Soede, L., White, A. T. 2012. Reexamining the Science of Marine Protected Areas: Linking Knowledge to Action, Conservation Letters 5:1-10. [PDF]

15. Chan, K.M.A., Guerry, A.D., Balvanera, P., Klain, S., Satterfield, T., Basurto, X., Bostrom, A., Chuenpagdee, R., Gould, R., Halpern, B.S., Hannahs, N., Levine, J., Norton, B., Ruckelshaus, M., Russell, R., Tam, J., Woodside, U. 2012. Where are ‘Cultural’ and ‘Social’ in Ecosystem Services? A Framework for Constructive Engagement, BioScience. 62(8):744-756 [PDF]

14. Nenadovic, M., T. Johnson, and J. Wilson. 2012. Implementing the Western Gulf of Maine Area Closure: The role and perception of fishers’ ecological knowledge. Ecology and Society 17 (1):



13. Elinor Ostrom and Xavier Basurto. 2011. Crafting Analytical Tools to Study Institutional Change, Institutional Economics, vol. 7 no. 3, pp. 317-343 [PDFFrench translation published in the journal Revue de la régulation (2014).

12. Saba Siddiki, Chris Weible, Xavier Basurto, and John Calanni. 2011. Dissecting Policy Designs: An Application of the Institutional Grammar Tool, Policy Studies Journal, vol. 39 no. 1 (February), pp. 79-103 [PDF]



11. Basurto, Xavier, Gordon Kingsely, Kelly McQueen, Mshdoni Smith, and Christopher M. Weible. 2010. A Systematic Approach to Institutional Analysis: Applying Crawford and Ostrom’s Grammar, Political Research Quarterly, vol. 63, pp. 523-537 [PDF]

10. Basurto, Xavier and Eric Coleman. 2010. Institutional and Ecological Interplay for Successful Self-Governance of Community-Based Fisheries, Ecological Economics (69(5):1094-1103.) [PDF]

9. Fleischman, Forrest D. , Kinga Boenning, Katrin Daedlow, Gustavo A. Garcia-Lopez, Maria Claudia Lopez, Sarah Mincey, Mikaela Schmitt-Harsh, Xavier Basurto, Burney Fischer, Elinor Ostrom. 2010. Disturbance, Response, and Persistence in Self-Organized Forested Communities: Analysis of Robustness and Resilience in Five Communities in Southern Indiana, Ecology and Society 15(4): 9. [available here] [PDF]



8. Basurto, Xavier and Elinor Ostrom. 2009. Beyond the Tragedy of the Commons. Economia delle fonti di energia e dell’ambiente, (Italian Journal), vol. 52 no. 1, pp. 35-60 [PDF] [author’s comments].

7. Basurto, Xavier and Elinor Ostrom. 2009. The Core Challenges of Moving Beyond Garrett Hardin, Journal of Natural Resources and Policy Research, vol. 1 no. 3, pp. 255-259 [PDF].

6. Richard Cudney-Bueno and Xavier Basurto. 2009. Lack of Cross-Scale Linkages Reduces Robustness of Community-Based Fishery Management, PLoS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 4 no. 7, pp. e6253 [journal.pone.0006253] [PDF]

5. Newton Bueno and Xavier Basurto. 2009. Resilience and Collapse of Artisanal Fisheries: A System Dynamics Analysis of a Shellfish Fishery in the Gulf of California, Mexico, Journal of Sustainability Science, vol. 4 no. 2, pp. 139-149 [s11625-009-0087-z] [PDF]



4. Basurto, Xavier. 2008. Biological and Ecological Mechanisms Supporting Marine Self-Governance: The Seri Callo de Hacha Fishery in Mexico, Ecology and Society 13(2): 20. [available here] [PDF]

3. Mariana Altrichter and Xavier Basurto. 2008. Mobility of Common-Pool Resources and Privatization of Land Tenure in the Argentine Semi-Arid Chaco, Conservation and Society, vol. 6 no. 2, pp. 154-165 [article.asp] [PDF]



2. Basurto, Xavier. 2006. Commercial Diving and the Callo de Hacha Fishery in Seri Territory, Journal of the Southwest, vol. 48 no. 2, pp. 189-209 [PDF].



1. Basurto, Xavier. 2005. How Locally Designed Access and Use Controls Can Prevent the Tragedy of the Commons in a Mexican Small-Scale Fishing Community, Society and Natural Resources, vol. 18, pp. 643-659 [PDF] [Link]