Duke study on shale gas and fracking

Since 2010, research at Duke University has engaged in studying different aspects of  environmental effects of shale gas exploration and hydraulic fracturing. We have published the first peer-reviewed studies examining  drinking water quality and shale gas extraction (see list below).  Our current (February 2017) database includes extensive data set generated from  flowback and produced waters, effluents that are discharged to the environment, spills, surface waters, and drinking water wells near shale gas  wells in different sites in the United States . Our research has focused on (1) quantifying the quantity of of water use for hydraulic fracturing (the water footprint of hydraulic fracturing), the volume of wastewater generate from hydraulic fracturing, and the proportions between returned injected water and naturally occurring formation water that is release from the shale formation and becomes flowback and produced water ; (2) The chemistry of hydraulic fracturing fluids and oil and gas wastewater discharged to the environment; (3) The impact of spills associated with unconventional oil and gas development in North Dakota; (4) Age Dating Oil and Gas Wastewater Spill; and (5) stray gas contamination and the distinction between naturally occurring methane flow to aquifers and actual contamination from leaking of shale gas wells.

A shale gas well in Montrose, Pennsylvania – keep your speakers up!

 

List of Publications on shale gas and hydraulic fracturing (see links to papers); A total of 27 papers (updated February, 2017)

Kondash, A.J., Albright, E., Vengosh, A. (2017) Quantity of Flowback and Produced Waters from Unconventional Oil and Gas Exploration. Science of the Total Environment, 574C, 314-321.

Lauer, N.E., Vengosh, A. (2016) Age dating oil and gas wastewater spills using radium isotopes and their decay products in impacted soil and sediment. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 3(5), 205–209.

Lauer, N.E., Harkness, J.S.,* Vengosh, A. (2016) Brine Spills Associated with Unconventional Oil Development in North Dakota. Environmental Science & Technology, 50 (10), 5389–5397.

Yu, M., Weinthal, E., Patiño-Echeverri, D., Deshusses, M.A., Zou, C. Ni, Y., Vengosh, A. (2016). Water availability for shale gas development in Sichuan Basin, China. Environmental Science & Technology, 50 (6), 2837–2845.

Drollette, B.D., Hoelzer, K., Warner, N.R., Darrah, T.H., Karatum, O., O’Connor, M.P., Nelson, R.K., Fernandez, L.A., Reddy, C.M., Vengosh, A., Jackson, R.B., Elsner, M., Plata, D.L. (2015) Elevated levels of diesel range organic compounds in groundwater near Marcellus gas operations are derived from surface activities. PNAS, 112(43):13184-9 (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1511474112).

Darrah, T.H., Jackson, R.B.,, Vengosh, A.,, Warner, N.R., Whyte, C.J., Walsh, T.B., Poreda, R.J. (2015) The evolution of Devonian hydrocarbon gases in shallow aquifers of the northern Appalachian Basin: insights from integrating noble gas and hydrocarbon geochemistry. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 170, 321-355.

Kondash, A. and Vengosh, A. (2015) Water footprint of hydraulic fracturing. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 2, 276-280.

Elsner,M.,, Schreglmann, K., Calmano, W., Bergmann, A., Vieth-Hillebrand, A., Wilke, F.D.H., Klaus-Michael Wollin, K-M., Georgi, A., Schmidt, W. Hofmann, T., Micić, V., Vengosh, A., and Mayer, B. (2015) Comment on the German draft legislation on hydraulic fracturing: The need for an accurate state of knowledge and for independent scientific research. Environmental Science & Technology, 49, 6367–6369.

Down, A., Schreglmann, K., Plata, D., Elsner, M., Warner, N., Vengosh, A., Moore, K., Coleman, D., Jackson, R.B. (2015) Pre-drilling background groundwater quality in the Deep River Triassic Basin of central North Carolina, USA. Applied Geochemistry, 60, 3-13.

Darrah, T.H., Jackson, R.B., Vengosh, A., Warner, N.R., Poreda, R.J. (2015) Noble Gases: A new technique for fugitive gas investigation in groundwater. GroundWater, 53, 23-28.

Harkness, J., Dwyer, G., Warner, N.R., Parker, K. Mitch, W.; Vengosh, A. (2015) Iodide, Bromide, and Ammonium in Hydraulic Fracturing and Oil and Gas Wastewaters: Environmental Implications. Environmental Science & Technology, 49, 1955–1963. (DOI:10.1021/es504654n).

Warner, N.R., Darrah, T.H., Jackson, R.B., Millot, R., Kloppmann, W., Vengosh, A. (2014) New tracers identify hydraulic fracturing fluids and accidental releases from oil and gas operations. Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (21), 12552–12560.

Parker, K.M., Zeng, T., Harkness, J., Vengosh, A. Mitch, W.A. (2014) Enhanced formation of disinfection by-products in shale gas wastewater-impacted Drinking Water Supplies. Environmental Science & Technology, 48, 11161-11169 (DOI: 10.1021/es5028184).

Darrah, T.H., Vengosh, A., Jackson, R.B., Warner, N.R., Poreda, R.J. (2014) Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, 111 no. 39, 14076–14081.

Jackson, R.B., Vengosh, A., Carey, J.W., R.J., Darrah, T.H., O’Sullivan, F., Pétron, G. (2014). The Environmental Costs and Benefits of Fracking. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 39:327–362 (DOI: 10.1146/annurev-environ-031113-144051)

Vengosh, A., Jackson, R.B., Warner, N.,R., Darrah, T. H., Knodash, A.J. (2014) A Critical Review of the Risks to Water Resources from Unconventional Shale Gas Development and Hydraulic Fracturing in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 48, 8334-8348. (dx.doi.org/10.1021/es405118y).

Knodash, A.J., Warner, N.,R., Lahav, O., Vengosh, A. (2014) Radium and Barium Removal through Blending Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids with Acid Mine Drainage. Environmental Science & Technology, 48, 1334-1342.

Warner, N.R., Christie, C.A., Jackson. R.B., Vengosh, A. (2013) Impacts of shale gas wastewater disposal on water quality in western Pennsylvania. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 11849–11857 (DOI: 10.1021/es402165b).

Jackson, R.B., Vengosh, A., Darrah, T.H., Warner, N.R., Down, A., Poreda, R.J., Osborn, S.G., Zhao, K., and Karr, J.D. (2013) Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, 110(28): 11250–11255 (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1221635110).

Vengosh, A., Warner N.R., Jackson, R.B., Darrah, T.H., (2013). The Effects of Shale Gas Exploration and Hydraulic Fracturing on the Quality of Water Resources in the United States. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 7, 863–866.

Warner N.R., Kresse, T.M., Hays, P.D., Down, A., Karr, J.D., Jackson, R.B., Vengosh, A. (2013) Geochemical and isotopic variations in shallow groundwater in areas of Fayetteville Shale development, north central Arkansas. Applied Geochemistry, 35, 207-220. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2013.04.013).

Warner, N.R., Jackson, R.B., Darrah, T.H., Osborn, S.G., Down, A., Zhao, K., White, A. Vengosh, A. (2012). Reply to Engelder: Potential for fluid migration from the Marcellus Formation remains possible. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, 109 no. 52 E3625, DOI: doi: 10.1073/pnas.1216133110

Warner, N.R., Jackson, R.B., Darrah, T.H., Osborn, S.G., Down, A., Zhao, K., White, A. Vengosh, A. (2012). Geochemical evidence for possible natural migration of Marcellus formation brine to shallow aquifers in Pennsylvania. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, 109, 11961–11966 (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1121181109).

Adair, S., Pearson, B.R., J Monast, J., Vengosh, A. Jackson, R.B. (2012). Considering shale gas extraction in North Carolina: lessons from other states. Duke Environmental Law and Policy Forum, XXII, 257-301.

Jackson R.B., Osborn S.G., Vengosh, A., Warner, N.R. (2011). Reply to Davis: Hydraulic fracturing remains a possible mechanism for observed methane contamination of Drinking water. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, 108, E872.

Osborn, S., Vengosh, A. Warner, N. Jackson, R. (2011). Reply to Saba and Orzechowski and Schon: Methane contamination of drinking water accompanying gas- well drilling and hydraulic fracturing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, 108, 8172–8176.

Osborn, S., Vengosh, A., Warner, N. Jackson, R. (2011). Methane contamination of drinking water accompanying gas drilling and hydro-fracking. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, 108, 8172-8176.

152 page minimum spine. Editor: Matt Hotze, JEM: Esther
RTP: Diane Murphy